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Index August 2005

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2005-08-10: hello world;
2005-08-11: Writers in Humanism – Carlos Macasaet;
2005-08-12: Writers in Humanism – Marxists;
2005-08-13: Marxism and Humanism by Raya Dunayevskaya;
2005-08-15: What is Humanism ?;
2005-08-18: Humanism – An Introduction;
2005-08-20: The children are fine;
2005-08-24: Humanism and J. R. Kantor;
2005-08-29: Human concerns – Avicenna (Ibn Sina) 980-1037.

Human concerns – Avicenna (Ibn Sina) 980-1037

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See on this site – Persian philosopher and physician, one of the main interpreters of Aristotle to the Islamic world. Avicenna wrote prolifically on science, religion, and philosophy, but many of his works have been lost. His best-known books include the million-word Canon of Medicine, a systematic synthesis of the medical and pharmacological knowledge of his time. It was used as a textbook in the Middle East and, through Latin translations, in Europe for several hundred years. Avicenna’s famous medical poem, al-Urjuzah fi’l-Tibb, survived in Arabic and Latin and was also widely read in Europe.

“He who has white hair has a cold temperament; the hair of the warm temperament is black; he who is less cold will have tawny hair; he who is less warm will have reddish hair; the one with a balanced temperament has tawny hair mixed with red.” (from The Poem on Medicine)
Abu Ali al-Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina, know in the West as Avicenna, was born in Afshana, near Bukhara (now in Uzbekistan), as the son of a provincial governor. In his childhood Avicenna made so rapid progress in learning, that several tutors were engaged to instruct him until he surpassed his teachers. According to his autobiography, he had knew by heart the Koran at the age of ten and at eighteen he had mastered mathematics, logic and physics.

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Humanism and J. R. Kantor

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J.R. Kantor’s interbehavioral psychology and humanism:

This paper addresses connections between J. R. Kantor’s interbehavioral psychology and humanism. It discusses numerous ways in which interbehavioral thinking is humanistic … Jacob Robert Kantor (1888-1984) appears to have made no public pronouncements advocating humanism. Given the tremendous diversity in humanistic thinking (e.g., Kurtz, 1973), it is not surprising that a rigorous thinker such as Kantor would hesitate to affiliate with a rather amorphous intellectual sphere. Nonetheless, one can make a case that Kantor’s philosophy and psychology had a definite humanistic core. This paper will examine Kantor’s interbehavioral system in relation to humanism …
(Read more on this link and its following sites).

The children are fine

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On AlterNet, an independent journalists website of the US, I find often interesting texts. Like this one published by Cindy Kuzma, from Choice! Magazine. Posted June 9, 2005. on http://www.alternet.org/rights/22199/:

An extensive research study confirms what advocates have been saying for over fifty years: children of gay and lesbian parents are doing just fine.

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Humanism – An Introduction

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byu.edu

by Nicolaa de Bracton of Leicester – The intellectual and social movement which historians call humanism is what lies at the base of the period we call the Renaissance. Humanism and its ideals came to pervade the art, literature, learning, law, and civic life, first in Italy, then in all of Europe. But what is humanism? Scholars are still debating this issue, but there is a consensus on a basic definition. Simply put, humanism is a rediscovery and re-evaluation of the aspects of classical civilization (ancient Greece and Rome) and the application of these aspects to intellectual and social culture. It is also in many ways a reaction against scholasticism, the dominant intellectual school of the Middle Ages. Scholasticism, while a vital and dynamic method in its early days in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, had, in the eyes of its detractors, by the fourteenth century become little more than organized quibbling over minor points of philosophy and theology. You may recall the famous question over how many angels could dance on the head of a pin; such questions were actually fairly regularly debated by the later scholasticists.

In contrast, the early humanists espoused a return to study of the original texts, rather than a reliance on the glosses and commentaries produced by the scholasticists. This break was by no means clear–many of the later humanists continued to admire and make use of the works of scholastic scholars, while forging ahead with their own examination of the sources.

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What is Humanism ?

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Belonging to the Encyclopedia MSN Encarta:

Humanism, in philosophy, attitude that emphasizes the dignity and worth of the individual. A basic premise of humanism is that people are rational beings who possess within themselves the capacity for truth and goodness. The term humanism is most often used to describe a literary and cultural movement that spread through western Europe in the 14th and 15th centuries. This Renaissance revival of Greek and Roman studies emphasized the value of the classics for their own sake, rather than for their relevance to Christianity.

The humanist movement started in Italy, where the late medieval Italian writers Dante, Giovanni Boccaccio, and Francesco Petrarch contributed greatly to the discovery and preservation of classical works. Humanist ideals were forcefully expressed by another Italian scholar, Pico della Mirandola, in his Oration on the dignity of man. The movement was further stimulated by the influx of Byzantine scholars who came to Italy after the fall of Constantinople (present-day İstanbul) to the Ottomans in 1453 and also by the establishment of the Platonic Academy in Florence. The academy, whose leading thinker was Marsilio Ficino, was founded by the 15th-century Florentine statesman and patron of the arts Cosimo de’ Medici. The institution sought to revive Platonism and had particular influence on the literature, painting, and architecture of the times.

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Marxism and Humanism by Raya Dunayevskaya

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Linked with our presentation of Raya Dunayevskaya – Ukraine & USA.

Raya Dunayevskaya writes some articles on Humanism:

I. – August 1963 – The uniqueness of Marxist-Humanism: The totality of the opposition between the world of the ruled and that of the rulers is bound to explode.

The question is: what will allow the collision of the two worlds to result in a reconstruction of society on OTHER, on human beginnings? Can the future inherent in the present evolve without a theory? And, if not, where is the theory that will converge with the practice of the millions?

Naturally, we think it is Marxist-Humanism. But we must put its analysis of what is, as well as the organizational form of what is TO BE DONE, to the test. (Read the rest on this site).

II. – 1965 – ‘Marx’s Humanism Today’: It was during the decade of the First International (1864-74) – a decade that saw both the Civil War in America and the Paris Commune – that Marx restructured[1] the many drafts of Capital and published the first two editions of Volume I.

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Writers in Humanism – Marxists

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Marxist Humanism and the “New Left” – In 1965, Erich Fromm published An International Symposium of Socialist Humanism, possibly stimulated by the emergence of the Praxis group in Yugoslavia, and received submissions from the following writers:

Erich Fromm, Herbert Marcuse, Raya Dunayevskaya, Adam Schaff, Ernst Bloch, T.B. Bottomore, Lucien Goldman, Maximilien Rubel, Eugene Kamenka, Predrag Vranicki, Gajo Petrović, Mihailo Marković, Milan Prŭcha, Veljko Korać, Ivan Sviták, Danilo Pejović, Bogdan Suchodolski, Karel Kosík, Marek Fritzhand, Bronislaw Baczko, Léopold Senghor, Nirmal Kumar Bose, Rudi Supek, Oskar Schatz, Irving Fletcher, Mathilde Niel, Ernst Florian Winter, Wolfgang Abendroth, Norman Thomas, Richard Titmus, Bertrand Russell, Stephen King Hall, Paul Medow, Danilo Dolci, Umberto Cerroni and Calvano della Volpe.

Many of these writers also counted themselves as Marxists and represent the leaders of the current of Marxist known as “Marxist Humanism.” The other components are those who initiated the “New Left” in the early 1960s in Britain and the U.S., such as the founders of the New Left Review in England (E. P. Thompson, Raphael Samuel, Raymond Williams, Stuart Hall, Ralph Miliband, Alasdair MacIntyre, Isaac Deutscher and John Saville) and people like C. Wright Mills in the U.S. and German Greens like Rudolph Bahro. (Read more on Marxist Humanism).

Writers in Humanism – Carlos Macasaet

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This essay was written on 28 September 1998 while I was in 10th grade at Winchester Thurston School for European History with Dr. Patrick Dowd, Carlos Macasaet, carlos-m.net.

Humanism was a new way of thinking that came about in fourteenth century, the time of the Renaissance. Many scholars refer to it as the Spirit of the Renaissance. Humanism was a lay phenomenon that emphasized human beings as opposed to deities as well as their interests, achievements and capabilities. Humanism is derived from the Latin word humanitas, which Cicero, the noted orator of the Roman Empire, referred to as the literary culture needed by anyone who would be considered educated and civilized.

Humanism and Literature

Humanists searched for wisdom from the past. They copied the lifestyles of the ancient Greeks and Romans. They also traced their families back to the days of the ancient Romans. They endeavored on archaeological expeditions to recover ancient manuscripts, statues and monuments so that they may better understand human nature. The Christian humanists, however, were sometimes skeptical as to the authority of the ancient writers. Medieval humanists accepted pagan and classical authors uncritically. The humanists of the Renaissance, however, viewed the classics from a Christian perspective, Man is created in Gods image. They rejected any classical ideas that opposed Christianity but sometimes found an underlying harmony between secular and pagan ideas and the Christian faith.

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hello world

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Welcome on my personal english speaking blog. I am glad to share with you themes that make me move. There will be texts mostly written by english speaking persons about justice, human development, social politics and all the rest, touching human rights and our lives.

I begin also a blog named Economy and Society.

This page of my own blog-construction will also be linked with some blogs of our NGO Asian-Eurasian Human Rights Forum, mainly the

WORLD PEOPLES BLOG, with one person shown per day, contributing to our common development and integration, the blog NGOs – we & others, showing at the same day this person’s NGO or civil society group, if any available by searching. Until today there is often no text and no group published in the internet, mainly with women of developing countries, working for others out of her own low social place.