Published on HREA/Europe – European human rights system.
Excerpt: … The European continent suffered much devastation from the effects of World War II. To renew efforts of peacekeeping and cooperation with one another after the war ended, leaders throughout the region founded three organizations: the Council of Europe, the European Union (formerly the European Coal and Steel Community), and later, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (formerly the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe). These organizations have survived the Cold War and the fall of Communism, and continue to this day to serve as forums for dialogue and exchange within the European continent.
Although these organizations were founded to bring peace and stability to Europe, they were each established with different purposes:
- The Council of Europe promotes the rule of law, human rights, and democracy;
- The European Union was devised as an institution for promoting trade and economic stability for its members;
- The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) was founded to maintain peace and military security within Europe.
Today, these organizations have evolved to address many overlapping issues?all dealing to some extent with human rights, though the Council of Europe remains the most involved … (full text, for Council of Europe, Organization for security and cooperation in Europe OSCE, European Union).