An Imperative to Innovate

(Sustainable Journalism Training in Central and Eastern Europe)

Final Report to the Knight Foundation, 60 pdf-pages by 2007 Jefferson Institute (ISBN 978-86-86975-00-3).

Excerpt page 41/60: … One of the most critical areas for media development is improved coordination of donors. Donor coordination in media development has been a problem since the outset of the subfield. There is effectively no coordination at the higher level. Officials working in organizations like USAID have their own interests and must follow political directives from above. This makes it very difficult for them to coordinate effectively with other organizations.

Moreover, there is even very little coordination within the various divisions of the State Department and USAID. It is easy to see why this is so just by listing the departments involved in media development. The key media developers within State are:

  • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL)
  • Office of the Coordinator of U.S. Assistance to Europe and Eurasia (EUR/ACE)
  • Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA)
  • Bureau of International Information Programs (IIP)
  • Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI)
  • U.S. Embassy public affairs sections
  • Regional bureaux

The key media developers within USAID are:

  • Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA)
  • Office of Democracy and Governance (DG)
  • Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI)
  • Bureau for Europe and Eurasia (E&E)
  • USAID overseas missions.26

Internationally, a part of this failure to cooperate lies in the perception of differing goals. For example, European donors favor public broadcast functions, while American donors support development of the commercial media sector. … (full long text).

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