Gender poverty and sustainable environmental management

A Ghanaian experience:

Linked with Kate Adoo Adeku – Ghana, and with .

Published by University of Glasgow, not dated, Kate Adoo-Adeku, of the University of Ghana.

3 excerpts: Introduction: The Concept of poverty is regarded as a multidimensional phenomenon that exists in many parts of the world. However, developing countries including Ghana are the hardest hit by poverty. Nevertheless it is known that wherever there is poverty, development suffers. Many developing countries are faced with numerous development problems of which poverty serves as a central focus …

… The state of poverty in Ghana: Poverty has been a serious problem in Ghana for many years. Ghana has undertaken living measurement surveys on poverty as portrayed in the Ghana Living Standard Survey (GLSS) in 1987-88, 1988-89, 1991-92 and 1998. In the Surveys poverty was examined in monetary terns by locality, region, and socio-economic groups. The results showed that poverty was more pronounced in rural areas than urban centres although some urban poverty was identified. By implication since rural areas have 2/3 of Ghana’s population (72%), it shows that about 2/3 of the total population may experience some degree of poverty. Ghana loses about 30% of it’s agricultural production annually due to poor post harvest handling and inadequate storage capacity. This contributes in making farmers poorer …

… Management strategies for poverty reduction: The women understood the implications of poverty and their exploitative practices that have contributed in degrading the environment and therefore saw the urgent need for education for empowerment. As a follow up a participatory action research on needs assessment on income generating skills was carried out. Out of the assessment three training programmes were prioritized. These were mushroom farming, snail farming and soap making. Three skill-training workshops were organised for the women groups in the target communities to empower them. Out of these the women adopted snail and mushroom farming as a measure to raise their income levels to reduce poverty.
An evaluation study revealed that, the women who did snail farming were more successful than the mushroom growers due to marketing problems they encountered. Those involved in snail farming sold part of what they harvested and used part to raise the nutritional status of their household food.

Implication for adult education: The lessons learnt however was that the women needed to be empowered fully, and would therefore need more education through more intensive training in business management, literacy, record keeping and general entrepreneurial skills development to enhance their capacities socially and economically. The need for adult continuing, life long learning in all the developmental stages of the women cannot be over emphasised. The process of empowerment therefore needs to be strengthened in all fronts. It is only through education and training that the issue of poverty can be reduced in our country and more specifically in the target communities in the Asuogyaman district. The process has been set in motion to reduce poverty and therefore all challenges have to be removed to achieve a success, and this must involve all stakeholders.

References: … (full long text).

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