JAMMU AND KASHMIR: A SMOULDERING CONFLICT …

… AND A FORGOTTEN MISSION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Linked with Paul Beersmans – Belgium, with Association for Solidarity with Jammu and Kashmir BASJAK, and with … again Kashmir.

Added on March 22, 2007: linked also with DE-MILITANT-ISATION FIRST – Conclusions, with DE-MILITANT-ISATION FIRST – Meetings, and on the new created AEHRF-Pictures blog with … .

A concise study by Paul Beersmans, President of the Belgian Association for Solidarity with Jammu and Kashmir

1. INTRODUCTION

Sensational events are getting the head news, international conflicts as well. With changing intensity it stays in the head news as long as there are sensational developments. It is so, for example, for Rwanda, Ex-Yugoslavia, Somalia, Kosovo, Israel, Afghanistan, etc.

If, however, it remains quiet for a longer time a conflict is forgotten, which doesn’t mean that this conflict is solved. It becomes a ’smouldering conflict’. One of these smouldering conflicts is the unsolved problem of Jammu and Kashmir. In May 1998 this conflict surfaced again after India and Pakistan carried out nuclear tests. A year later, in spring and summer 1999, Jammu and Kashmir again came under international attention when Pakistan crossed the Line of Control in the north-eastern sector resulting in heavy fighting between India and Pakistan. After the events of 11 September 2001 in the United States and especially after the suicidal attack on the Indian Parliament in New Delhi in December 2001, India is putting pressure on Pakistan to stop all support of terrorists and fundamentalist movements. For the time being this ’smouldering conflict’ is once more flaring up.

In order to understand this conflict better it is useful, if not necessary, to know what it is all about. An elementary knowledge of the geographical, demographic, religious and historical background is a must. This concise study must be considered as a contribution for this purpose.

2. GEOGRAPHY – DEMOGRAPHY – RELIGION

a. GEOGRAPHY: (full text).

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