Plan Colombia and its Consequences in Ecuador

Linked with Elsie Monge – Ecuador.

Ecumenical Commission on Human Rights (Ecuador), March 16, 2001, Document prepared by Ecumenical Commission of Human Rights, Ecuador.

… Final considerations:

According to Noam Chomsky, drug production and trafficking is the second-largest source of national income in the world, after gun production and sales. The economic and political power of the industry can be extremely dangerous to nations that border major drug-producing countries. In Colombia, the level of corruption and the influence of drug trafficking has turned the country into what academics call a narco-state. As such, the nation’s influence in the region and the implications of its plan to eradicate its drug industry have all five neighboring countries on edge. They fear the possibility of becoming narco-states themselves, should Colombia “succeed”.

Social scientists agree that U.S. support was granted after careful consideration and prioritization of its interests. Among these interests are oil, minerals, forest resources, and, perhaps more remote a possibility but certainly valid, water, claimed by many to be the future’s most valuable and scarce resource. Some think that in order to protect these interests outside its borders, the U.S. is supporting Plan Colombia in order to have military and political influence in the region. Taking this theory one step further, it is logical that the U.S. would want to destroy leftist army forces, who could block access to their interests. The Base in Manta could also function to support these interests.

One of the most worrisome aspects of the plan is its emphasis on the military solution. The fact that it ignores human rights violations, destruction of the environment and civil unrest led the European Union to withdraw its economic support for the plan and insist upon development projects in the area. Local organizations are using the same reasoning when asking governments to reconsider their support and alternatively consider projects that will promote local and national development, create jobs, promote environmental protection, and stop drug use at the demand end and not only at the production level. (Read the whole long article on this page of ciponline.org).

Links:

REPORT Nº 94/00, CASE 11.439, BYRON ROBERTO CAÑAVERAL, ECUADOR, October 5, 2000;

UN COMMITTEE AGAINST TORTURE, Eleventh session.


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