South America, Towards regional integration or the next Middle East?

Published on Europe 2020, by Hector Danchez, April 24, 2010.

… Global Systemic Crisis and U.S. Military Strategy:

There is a crisis in U.S. domination. Whether the American decline is a limited or enduring process is yet to be defined. For the time being, the world’s first power preserves its military leadership. Primarily based on a leadership that nobody disputes, the US is strategically positioned to face any major conflict. 

U.S. militarism is as strong as ever, the Bush-Obama transition has not diminished its intensity and it is clear that this is considered the only solution to their crisis [3] …

… Militarization of South America:

With Brazil’s economic and political leadership already established in the area and with Argentina’s structural weakness (administrative, economic and political) since the last military government and Menem’s presidency [17] , what are the real possibilities of regional internal conflicts which cannot be solved by the region itself? It might be said that, despite all, today the Latin-American political sector is more united than ever before. Apart from Colombia (which lives a permanent internal conflict since Gaitán’s murder in 1948 [18] ), today, South American political life is no longer characterized by a military climate.

Now the militarization imposed by the U.S. [19] presents a number of outstanding features for the region [20] , namely cutting-edge technologies for the control and intelligence and, if necessary, for the deployment of direct interventions. In the new geostrategic design of the hemisphere, it is conceivable that US strategists have in mind to repeat the Middle East model, i.e. a heavily armed regional power serving their interests in order to avoid the massive use of their own troops but, at the same time, facilitating their usual actions of intelligence and intervention. As we can see, Colombia plays a key role in this strategy : thanks to the war on drugs, the US can maintain a force serving their strategy of regional domination.

Elements for understanding the South American integration process:

Latin-American integration idea was born at the same time as the continent gained its independence from Spain. As soon as the process of independence was completed, projects of confederations between the new republics were attempted, such as the Great Colombia, the United Provinces of Central America and the Peruvian-Bolivian Confederation … (full long text).

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